This crew also suspected there had been a minor engine surge. The origins of the project date back to the early 1950s when Sir Arnold Hall, Director of the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) asked noted Welsh Aeronautical Engineer Morien Morgan to form a 'Committee to study the potential of supersonic transport (SST)'. These are either ORIGINAL or COPIES of manuals and blueprints used when these aircraft were in active duty, now transferred into electronic format. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Concorde&oldid=992952933, History of science and technology in the United Kingdom, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Aircraft specs templates using more general parameter, Aircraft specs templates using more performance parameter, Aircraft specs templates using afterburner without dry parameter, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Thrust-by-wire engines, predecessor of today's. The distribution and disposal of remaining aircraft was overseen by the airlines, in consultation with original aircraft manufacturers to ensure that they were all placed in noteworthy locations and with the correct facilities to ensure their continued availability to the public as an example of just what can be achieved when ‘great minds think alike’. Concorde 001 rolled out from the assembly line on December 11, 1967 in front of a thousand spectators. This flight was notable for the failure of both radio altimeters. In 1962, as the Concorde programme was starting, Turcat joined the state-owned Sud-Aviation. Concorde was retired in 2003 due to a general downturn in the commercial aviation industry following the type's only crash at Paris in 2000, and following the terrorist attacks at the World Trade Centre on 11th September 2001. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Sud Aviation Civil Aviation Concorde Tupolev Tu 144 Rolls Royce Airplane Photography Passenger Aircraft Aerial Arts Commercial Aircraft. The images on this site are the property of BAE Systems (Copyright © 2020 BAE Systems. Ring bound brochure, 38 pages. Eventually, a single design emerged that differed primarily in just fuel loading although the chosen Bristol Siddeley Olympus engines (developed for use in the TSR-2) allowed either design to be powered by two or four engines. In February 1965, construction of two prototypes finally began with Concorde 001 being built by Aerospatiale (formerly SUD Aviation) in Toulouse and Concorde 002 by BAC in Filton. The answer came on November 4, 1970, when test pilot Andre Turcat flew the planeâdubbed the Concordeâover the Atlantic and achieved speeds of 1320 miles per hour. The first prototype of the Concorde was assembled in Toulouse, in Sud Aviationâs plant. 1959 The Supersonic Transport Aircraft â¦ In September 1959, Hawker Siddeley approached Lockheed in the USA whilst following the creation of the British Aircraft Corporation in 1960, the Bristol Division immediately started talks with US giants Boeing, General Dynamics and Douglas Aircraft, as well as Sud Aviation in France. In February 1965, construction of two prototypes finally began with Concorde 001 being built by Aerospatiale (formerly SUD Aviation) in Toulouse and Concorde 002 by BAC in Filton. Further orders for the type would be received from a variety of different airlines. With only 20 aircraft being finally built, the development of Concorde represented a substantial economic loss on both sides of the channel. BAC and Sud Aviation (Concordeâs manufactures) put false documents into circulation in the event of industrial espionage. In April 1960 however, Sud’s Technical Director was sent to discuss a potential partnership with BAC Design Team, who were surprised to find that Sud had designed a very similar aircraft to their initial plans. Over time the aircraft operation became profitable when it found a wealthy customer base willing to pay for flights, on what was for most of its career the fastest commercial aircraft in the world. This prevented the launch on the coveted North Atlantic routes and dissuaded any potential purchases from the American airlines. Concorde 001 made its first flight from Toulouse on 2nd March 1969, piloted by André Turcat and subsequently went supersonic on 1st October of the same year. Concorde 002, the first UK-built aircraft, flew from BAC Filton to RAF Fairford on 9th April 1969, piloted by Brian Trubshaw. No difficulties in handling were noticed, and no instruments gave any irregular indications. Despite being funded by the two governments, the intention was to sell to airlines worldwide. British Aircraft Corp - Sud Aviation Concorde In 1962, the British and French governments agreed to embark on one of the greatest adventures in the history of aviation. Added to this, the remaining in-service aircraft faced multi-million pound overhauls for which the airlines could not prove a financially-viable business case. The name Concorde reflects the development agreement between the United Kingdom and French aircraft industries and governments, and which is often romantically referred to as 'The Great Collaboration'. Concorde F-BVFC (serial number 9) entered service with the Air France fleet on the 3rd of â¦ These were initially developed as the HSA1000 and the Bristol Type 198. Mainly aluminium construction using a high temperature alloy similar to that developed for aero-engine pistons. Concorde was a supersonic passenger airliner designed and produced as a joint venture between BAC (England) and Sud Aviation (France). However, the projected cost of the project was so high that Sud Aviation, at the direction of the French and British governments, formed a consortium with BAC in November 1962 to merge their design and production efforts to create Concorde. After much political and economic posturing, the Development Committee negotiated an 'International Treaty' between the 2 countries rather than relying on any form of agreement between 2 commercial companies and on 29th November 1962, a draft treaty was signed. As such, between 1965 when construction of the first two prototypes commenced and 1979 when the last airfraâ¦ Although retired for a long time now this prototype Concorde still looks very nice and obvious shiny in its âhall Concordeâ. The information shown is based on that available at the time of the content creation. During the months that followed, both sets of engineers found that they had much to agree on... For instance, the French had admitted that they had no modern large jet engines available and that they had already decided they would need to buy a British design. Nevertheless, this proved not to be the barrier it might seem as many common components could be used in both designs and cost estimates gradually became agreed. Twenty aircraft were built. These reports changed almost overnight the entire nature and outlook of supersonic design. Sud Aviation became an early innovator in the field of commercial jetliners. Sud Aviation merged with Nord Aviation in 1970 to form the Aérospatiale company. Neither company had any real experience in airframes that would be required to travel at Mach 2 so it was agreed that the selection of an ogee-shaped wing was going to be the right one for further development. High-pressure hydraulic system using 28 MPa (4,100 psi) for lighter hydraulic components, Pitch trim by shifting fuel fore-and-aft for, 12 April 1989: A Concorde of British registration, G-BOAF, on a chartered flight from. Concorde was built by British firm British Aircraft Corporation (later to become BAE Systems) and French firm Sud Aviation (later Aerospatiale). This plane could cross the Atlantic in 3.5 hours. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for AVIATION BAC/SUD CONCORDE 1969 MAIDEN FLIGHT POSTCARD PUBLISHED BY PO PREFERRED at the best online prices at eBay! In Concorde â¦Aerospace and the French firm Aérospatiale were responsible for the airframe, while Britainâs Rolls-Royce and Franceâs SNECMA (Société Nationale dâÉtude et de Construction de Moteurs dâAviation) developed the jet engines. Soon after however, scientists at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough published a series of new reports on a revolutionary 'wing planform', known in the UK as the 'slender-delta concept'. National Museum of Flight - East Fortune (, Advanced seeker production for next-generation precision-guided missile, BAE Systems delivers warship support to HMCS Toronto, BAE Systems names 'Partner2Win' Supplier of the Year Award winners, British Airways Concorde (G-BOAG) in flight. The teams continued to meet through 1961 and it became clear that the two designs would be considerably more similar than predicted, in spite of different range and seating arrangements of each. discovery1512 Meanwhile, Armstrong Whitworth had also responded with their own internal design (based on the M-Wing) and specifically targeted the lower-speed shorter-range category. It is one of only two supersonic transports to have been operated commercially; the other is the Soviet-built Tupolev Tu-144, which operâ¦ Among other destinations, Concorde flew regular transatlantic flights from London Heathrow and Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport to New York-JFK, Washington Dulles and to the holiday island of Barbados; it flew these routes in less than half the time of other airliners. 21 March 1992: A Concorde of British registration, G-BOAB, on a scheduled flight from London to New York, also suffered a structural failure in-flight at supersonic speed. 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